Rabbit Anti-phospho-DDX58 (Thr170) antibody
|别 名||p-DDX58 (Thr170); DEAD/H (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp/His) box polypeptide RIG-I; DKFZp434J1111; DKFZp686N19181; FLJ13599; C330021E21; OTTHUMP00000045225; DEAD (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp) box polypeptide 58; DEAD (Asp Glu Ala Asp/His) box polypeptide; DEAD box protein 58; Probable ATP dependent RNA helicase DDX58; Retinoic acid inducible gene 1 protein; RIG I; rig-I; RIG1; rigi; RNA helicase.|
|研究领域||肿瘤 免疫学 信号转导 细胞凋亡|
|交叉反应||Human, Mouse, Dog, Pig, Cow, Horse, Rabbit, Sheep,|
|产品应用||WB=1:500-2000 ELISA=1:500-1000 IHC-P=1:400-800 IHC-F=1:400-800 IF=1:100-500 （石蜡切片需做抗原修复）
not yet tested in other applications.
optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|分 子 量||102kDa|
|性 状||Lyophilized or Liquid|
|免 疫 原||KLH conjugated Synthesised phosphopeptide derived from human DDX58 around the phosphorylation site of Thr170:PK(p-T)LK|
|纯化方法||affinity purified by Protein A|
|储 存 液||0.01M TBS(pH7.4) with 1% BSA, 0.03% Proclin300 and 50% Glycerol.|
|保存条件||Store at -20 °C for one year. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. The lyophilized antibody is stable at room temperature for at least one month and for greater than a year when kept at -20°C. When reconstituted in sterile pH 7.4 0.01M PBS or diluent of antibody the antibody is stable for at least two weeks at 2-4 °C.|
The innate immune system detects viral infection by recognizing various viral components and triggers antiviral responses. Like the toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3), the cytoplasmic helicase retinoic acid inducible gene protein 1 (RIG1/DDX58) recognizes double-stranded (ds) RNA, a molecular pattern associated with viral infection. Unlike TLR3 however, RIG1/DDX58 activates the kinases TBK1 and IKKe through the adaptor protein IPS1. These kinases then phosphorylate the transcription factors IRF3 and IRF7 which are essential for the expression of type-I interferons. RIG1/DDX58 is required for the production of interferons in response to RNA viruses including paramyxoviruses, influenza virus, and Japanese encephalitis virus.
Involved in innate immune defense against viruses. Upon interaction with intracellular dsRNA produced during viral replication, triggers a transduction cascade involving MAVS/IPS1, which results in the activation of NF-kappa-B, IRF3 and IRF7 and the induction of the expression of antiviral cytokines such as IFN-beta and RANTES (CCL5). Detects dsRNA produced from non-self dsDNA by RNA polymerase III, such as Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNAs (EBERs). Essential for the production of interferons in response to RNA viruses including paramyxoviruses, influenza viruses, Japanese encephalitis virus and HCV.
Monomer; maintained as a monomer in an autoinhibited state. Upon viral dsRNA binding and conformation shift, homomultimerizes and interacts with MAVS. Interacts with DHX58/LGP2, IKBKE, TBK1 and TMEM173/STING. Interacts (via CARD domain) with TRIM25 (via SPRY domain). Interacts with RNF135. Interacts with CYLD. Interacts with NLRC5; blocks the interaction of MAVS to DDX58. Interacts with SRC.
Cytoplasm. Note=Colocalized with TRIM25 at cytoplasmic perinuclear bodies.
Present in vascular smooth cells (at protein level).
Phosphorylated in resting cells and dephosphorylated in RNA virus-infected cells. Phosphorylation at Thr-770, Ser-854 and Ser-855 results in inhibition of its activity while dephosphorylation at these sites results in its activation.
Isgylated. Conjugated to ubiquitin-like protein ISG15 upon IFN-beta stimulation.
Ubiquitinated. Undergoes 'Lys-48'- and 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitination. Lys-172 is the critical site for TRIM25-mediated ubiquitination, for MAVS/IPS1 binding and to induce anti-viral signal transduction. Lys-154, Lys-164 and Lys-172 are critical sites for RNF135-mediated ubiquitination. Deubiquitinated by CYLD, a protease that selectively cleaves 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin chains. Also probably deubiquitinated by USP17L2/USP17 that cleaves 'Lys-48'-and 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin chains and positively regulates the receptor.
Belongs to the helicase family.
Contains 2 CARD domains.
Contains 1 helicase ATP-binding domain.
Contains 1 helicase C-terminal domain.
Entrez Gene: 23586 Human
Entrez Gene: 230073 Mouse
Entrez Gene: 297989 Rat
Omim: 609631 Human
SwissProt: O95786 Human
SwissProt: Q6Q899 Mouse
Unigene: 190622 Human
Unigene: 86382 Mouse
This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic application