Rabbit Anti-Tubulin alpha antibody
|别 名||TUBA1A + TUBA1B; Tubulin, Alpha 1b; Tubulin Alpha-Ubiquitous Chain; Alpha-Tubulin Ubiquitous; Tubulin K-Alpha-1; Tubulin, Alpha, Ubiquitous; Tubulin Alpha-1B Chain; Alpha Tubulin; Ubiquitous; K-ALPHA-1; Tubulin Alpha; TBA1B_HUMAN; Tubulin, Alpha 1a; TUBA3; Tubulin Alpha-3 Chain; Tubulin B-Alpha-1; LIS3; Tubulin, Alpha, Brain-Specific; Tubulin Alpha-1A Chain; Alpha-Tubulin 3, Brain-Specific; Hum-A-Tub1; Hum-A-Tub2; B-ALPHA-1; TBA1A_HUMAN; 微管蛋白alpha|
|研究领域||细胞生物 免疫学 细胞骨架|
|交叉反应||Human, Mouse, Rat, Chicken, Pig, Cow,|
|产品应用||WB=1:500-2000 ELISA=1:500-1000 IHC-P=1:400-800 IHC-F=1:400-800 ICC=1:100-500 IF=1:100-500 （石蜡切片需做抗原修复）
not yet tested in other applications.
optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|分 子 量||50kDa|
|性 状||Lyophilized or Liquid|
|免 疫 原||KLH conjugated synthetic peptide derived from human TUBA1A + TUBA1B:401-451/451|
|纯化方法||affinity purified by Protein A|
|储 存 液||Preservative: 15mM Sodium Azide, Constituents: 1% BSA, 0.01M PBS, pH 7.4|
|保存条件||Store at -20 °C for one year. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. The lyophilized antibody is stable at room temperature for at least one month and for greater than a year when kept at -20°C. When reconstituted in sterile pH 7.4 0.01M PBS or diluent of antibody the antibody is stable for at least two weeks at 2-4 °C.|
Microtubules of the eukaryotic cytoskeleton perform essential and diverse functions and are composed of a heterodimer of alpha and beta tubulins. The genes encoding these microtubule constituents belong to the tubulin superfamily, which is composed of six distinct families. Genes from the alpha, beta and gamma tubulin families are found in all eukaryotes. The alpha and beta tubulins represent the major components of microtubules, while gamma tubulin plays a critical role in the nucleation of microtubule assembly. There are multiple alpha and beta tubulin genes, which are highly conserved among species. This gene encodes alpha tubulin and is highly similar to the mouse and rat Tuba1 genes. Northern blotting studies have shown that the gene expression is predominantly found in morphologically differentiated neurologic cells. This gene is one of three alpha-tubulin genes in a cluster on chromosome 12q. Mutations in this gene cause lissencephaly type 3 (LIS3) - a neurological condition characterized by microcephaly, mental retardation, and early-onset epilepsy and caused by defective neuronal migration. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]
Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain
Dimer of alpha and beta chains. A typical microtubule is a hollow water-filled tube with an outer diameter of 25 nm and an inner diameter of 15 nM. Alpha-beta heterodimers associate head-to-tail to form protofilaments running lengthwise along the microtubule wall with the beta-tubulin subunit facing the microtubule plus end conferring a structural polarity. Microtubules usually have 13 protofilaments but different protofilament numbers can be found in some organisms and specialized cells.
Ubiquitously expressed with highest levels in Brain, Bone, Adipocyte, and Breast
Undergoes a tyrosination/detyrosination cycle, the cyclic removal and re-addition of a C-terminal tyrosine residue by the enzymes tubulin tyrosine carboxypeptidase (TTCP) and tubulin tyrosine ligase (TTL), respectively.
Some glutamate residues at the C-terminus are polyglutamylated. This modification occurs exclusively on glutamate residues and results in polyglutamate chains on the gamma-carboxyl group. Also monoglycylated but not polyglycylated due to the absence of functional TTLL10 in human. Monoglycylation is mainly limited to tubulin incorporated into axonemes (cilia and flagella) whereas glutamylation is prevalent in neuronal cells, centrioles, axonemes, and the mitotic spindle. Both modifications can coexist on the same protein on adjacent residues, and lowering glycylation levels increases polyglutamylation, and reciprocally. The precise function of such modifications is still unclear but they regulate the assembly and dynamics of axonemal microtubules (Probable).
Acetylation of alpha chains at Lys-40 stabilizes microtubules and affects affinity and processivity of microtubule motors. This modification has a role in multiple cellular functions, ranging from cell motility, cell cycle progression or cell differentiation to intracellular trafficking and signaling (By similarity).
Belongs to the tubulin family.
Entrez Gene: 7846 Human
Entrez Gene: 22142 Mouse
Entrez Gene: 64158 Rat
Omim: 602529 Human
SwissProt: Q71U36 Human
SwissProt: P68369 Mouse
SwissProt: P68370 Rat
Unigene: 654422 Human
Unigene: 405359 Mouse
Unigene: 234326 Rat
Entrez Gene: 10376 Human
Entrez Gene: 22143 Mouse
Entrez Gene: 500929 Rat
Omim: 602530 Human
SwissProt: P68363 Human
SwissProt: P05213 Mouse
SwissProt: Q6P9V9 Rat
Unigene: 524390 Human
Unigene: 392113 Mouse
Unigene: 99661 Rat
This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications.