Mouse Anti-alpha smooth muscle Actin antibody
|英文名称||alpha smooth muscle Actin|
|别 名||alpha sarcomeric Actin; alpha smooth muscle Actin; Actin alpha; ASMA; ASM-A; alpha-SMA; alpha SMA; AAT6; ACTA2; Actin alpha 2 smooth muscle aorta; Actin aortic smooth muscle; ACTSA; ACTVS; Alpha 2 actin; Alpha-actin 2; Cell growth inhibiting gene 46 protein; Growth inhibiting gene 46; ACTA_HUMAN; Actin alpha 2 smooth muscle aorta; Actin aortic smooth muscle; Actin, aortic smooth muscle; Alpha 2 actin; Alpha actin 2; Alpha cardiac actin; Alpha-actin 2; Alpha-actin-2; Cell growth inhibiting gene 46 protein; Cell growth-inhibiting gene 46 protein; Growth inhibiting gene 46; MYMY5 α-Smooth Muscle Actin; α Smooth Muscle Actin;|
|研究领域||细胞生物 发育生物学 细胞骨架|
|克 隆 号||8B2|
|交叉反应||Human, Mouse, Rat,|
|产品应用||WB=1:500-5000 IHC-P=1:200-800 IHC-F=1:500-1000 ICC=1:100-500 IF=1:500-1000 （石蜡切片需做抗原修复）
not yet tested in other applications.
optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|分 子 量||42kDa|
|性 状||Lyophilized or Liquid|
|免 疫 原||KLH conjugated synthetic peptide derived from human alpha smooth muscle Actin:|
|纯化方法||affinity purified by Protein G|
|储 存 液||0.01M TBS(pH7.4) with 1% BSA, 0.03% Proclin300 and 50% Glycerol.|
|保存条件||Store at -20 °C for one year. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. The lyophilized antibody is stable at room temperature for at least one month and for greater than a year when kept at -20°C. When reconstituted in sterile pH 7.4 0.01M PBS or diluent of antibody the antibody is stable for at least two weeks at 2-4 °C.|
The product encoded by this gene belongs to the actin family of proteins, which are highly conserved proteins that play a role in cell motility, structure and integrity. Alpha, beta and gamma actin isoforms have been identified, with alpha actins being a major constituent of the contractile apparatus, while beta and gamma actins are involved in the regulation of cell motility. This actin is an alpha actin that is found in skeletal muscle. Mutations in this gene cause nemaline myopathy type 3, congenital myopathy with excess of thin myofilaments, congenital myopathy with cores, and congenital myopathy with fiber-type disproportion, diseases that lead to muscle fiber defects. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Actins are highly conserved proteins that are involved in various types of cell motility and are ubiquitously expressed in all eukaryotic cells.
Polymerization of globular actin (G-actin) leads to a structural filament (F-actin) in the form of a two-stranded helix. Each actin can bind to 4 others.
Oxidation of Met-46 by MICALs (MICAL1, MICAL2 or MICAL3) to form methionine sulfoxide promotes actin filament depolymerization. Methionine sulfoxide is produced stereospecifically, but it is not known whether the (S)-S-oxide or the (R)-S-oxide is produced (By similarity).
Note=ACTA2 mutations predispose patients to a variety of diffuse and diverse vascular diseases, premature onset coronary artery disease (CAD), premature ischemic strokes and Moyamoya disease.
Defects in ACTA2 are the cause of familial aortic aneurysm thoracic type 6 (AAT6) [MIM:611788]. AATs are characterized by permanent dilation of the thoracic aorta usually due to degenerative changes in the aortic wall. They are primarily associated with a characteristic histologic appearance known as 'medial necrosis' or 'Erdheim cystic medial necrosis' in which there is degeneration and fragmentation of elastic fibers, loss of smooth muscle cells, and an accumulation of basophilic ground substance.
Defects in ACTA2 are the cause of Moyamoya disease type 5 (MYMY5) [MIM:614042]. Moyamoya disease is a progressive cerebral angiopathy characterized by bilateral intracranial carotid artery stenosis and telangiectatic vessels in the region of the basal ganglia. The abnormal vessels resemble a 'puff of smoke' (moyamoya) on cerebral angiogram. Affected individuals can develop transient ischemic attacks and/or cerebral infarction, and rupture of the collateral vessels can cause intracranial hemorrhage. Hemiplegia of sudden onset and epileptic seizures constitute the prevailing presentation in childhood, while subarachnoid bleeding occurs more frequently in adults.
Defects in ACTA2 are the cause of multisystemic smooth muscle dysfunction syndrome (MSMDYS) [MIM:613834]. MSMDYS is a syndrome characterized by dysfunction of smooth muscle cells throughout the body, leading to aortic and cerebrovascular disease, fixed dilated pupils, hypotonic bladder, malrotation, and hypoperistalsis of the gut and pulmonary hypertension.
Belongs to the actin family.
Entrez Gene: 101021287 Baboon
Entrez Gene: 515610 Cow
Entrez Gene: 59 Human
Entrez Gene: 11475 Mouse
Entrez Gene: 733615 Pig
Entrez Gene: 100009271 Rabbit
Entrez Gene: 81633 Rat
Omim: 102620 Human
SwissProt: P62739 Cow
SwissProt: P62736 Human
SwissProt: P62737 Mouse
SwissProt: P62740 Rabbit
SwissProt: P62738 Rat
Unigene: 500483 Human
Unigene: 213025 Mouse
Unigene: 195319 Rat
Unigene: 3114 Rat
This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications.
Actin α/α-Actin 是一种具有收缩能力的微丝蛋白，a-SMA广泛分布于几乎所有的肌型细胞中。Actin-α蛋白主要用于检测骨骼肌、平滑肌、血管平滑肌、心肌和肌原性肿瘤 包括：平滑肌瘤、平滑肌肉瘤、横纹肌肉瘤以及肌上细胞和肌上皮瘤。Actin（肌动蛋白）是在所有真核细胞中都表达的高度保守的蛋白质。它们沿微管组成了细胞骨架的主要成分。肌动蛋白至少表达为6种异构形式。它在心脏、骨骼横纹肌组织和某些平滑肌组织中表达，调节其收缩功能。有报导说肌动蛋白在乳房瘤中是高度***酸化的。肌动蛋白的功能失调也会导致某种类型的心脏病。平滑肌α肌动蛋白使人更感兴趣，因为编码它的基因是相对局限于在血管平滑肌细胞中表达的少数几个基因之一。肌动蛋白是标记平滑肌和肌上皮细胞肿瘤的有效工具。