Rabbit Anti-PAK2/FITC Conjugated antibody
|别 名||p21 activated kinase 2; p21 protein (Cdc42/Rac)-activated kinase 2; p21 (CDKN1A)-activated kinase 2a; p21 protein Cdc42 Rac activated kinase 2; p21-activated kinase, 65-KD; p21-activated protein kinase I; p21CDKN1A activated kinase 2; p58; p65PAK; PAK 2; PAK65; PAKgamma; S6 H4 kinase; Serine threonine protein kinase PAK 2; CB422; EC 18.104.22.168; Gamma PAK; hPAK65; Kinase.|
|规格价格||100ul/2980元 购买 大包装/询价|
|说 明 书||100ul|
|研究领域||肿瘤 免疫学 信号转导 细胞凋亡 转录调节因子 激酶和***酸酶|
|交叉反应||Human, Mouse, Rat, Chicken, Dog, Cow, Horse, Rabbit, Sheep,|
not yet tested in other applications.
optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|分 子 量||58kDa|
|性 状||Lyophilized or Liquid|
|免 疫 原||KLH conjugated synthetic peptide derived from human PAK2|
|纯化方法||affinity purified by Protein A|
|储 存 液||0.01M TBS(pH7.4) with 1% BSA, 0.03% Proclin300 and 50% Glycerol.|
|保存条件||Store at -20 °C for one year. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. The lyophilized antibody is stable at room temperature for at least one month and for greater than a year when kept at -20°C. When reconstituted in sterile pH 7.4 0.01M PBS or diluent of antibody the antibody is stable for at least two weeks at 2-4 °C.|
The p21 activated kinases (PAK) are critical effectors that link Rho GTPases to cytoskeleton reorganization and nuclear signaling. The PAK proteins are a family of serine/threonine kinases that serve as targets for the small GTP binding proteins, CDC42 and RAC1, and have been implicated in a wide range of biological activities. The protein encoded by this gene is activated by proteolytic cleavage during caspase mediated apoptosis, PAK2 also interacts with and is activated by HIV1 Nef.
Serine/threonine protein kinase that plays a role in a variety of different signaling pathways including cytoskeleton regulation, cell motility, cell cycle progression, apoptosis or proliferation. Acts as downstream effector of the small GTPases CDC42 and RAC1. Activation by the binding of active CDC42 and RAC1 results in a conformational change and a subsequent autophosphorylation on several serine and/or threonine residues. Full-length PAK2 stimulates cell survival and cell growth. Phosphorylates MAPK4 and MAPK6 and activates the downstream target MAPKAPK5, a regulator of F-actin polymerization and cell migration. Phosphorylates JUN and plays an important role in EGF-induced cell proliferation. Phosphorylates many other substrates including histone H4 to promote assembly of H3.3 and H4 into nucleosomes, BAD, ribosomal protein S6, or MBP. Additionally, associates with ARHGEF7 and GIT1 to perform kinase-independent functions such as spindle orientation control during mitosis. On the other hand, apoptotic stimuli such as DNA damage lead to caspase-mediated cleavage of PAK2, generating PAK-2p34, an active p34 fragment that translocates to the nucleus and promotes cellular apoptosis involving the JNK signaling pathway. Caspase-activated PAK2 phosphorylates MKNK1 and reduces cellular translation.
Interacts tightly with GTP-bound but not GDP-bound CDC42/p21 and RAC1. Interacts with SH3MD4. Interacts with and activated by HIV-1 Nef. Interacts with SCRIB. Interacts with ARHGEF7 and GIT1. PAK-2p34 interacts with ARHGAP10.
Serine/threonine-protein kinase PAK 2: Cytoplasm. Note=MYO18A mediates the cellular distribution of the PAK2-ARHGEF7-GIT1 complex to the inner surface of the cell membrane. PAK-2p34: Nucleus. Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Membrane; Lipid-anchor. Note=Interaction with ARHGAP10 probably changes PAK-2p34 location to cytoplasmic perinuclear region. Myristoylation changes PAK-2p34 location to the membrane.
Ubiquitously expressed. Higher levels seen in skeletal muscle, ovary, thymus and spleen.
Full length PAK2 is autophosphorylated when activated by CDC42/p21. Following cleavage, both peptides, PAK-2p27 and PAK-2p34, become highly autophosphorylated, with PAK-2p27 being phosphorylated on serine and PAK-2p34 on threonine residues, respectively. Autophosphorylation of PAK-2p27 can occur in the absence of any effectors and is dependent on phosphorylation of Thr-402, because PAK-2p27 is acting as an exogenous substrate.
During apoptosis proteolytically cleaved by caspase-3 or caspase-3-like proteases to yield active PAK-2p34.
Ubiquitinated, leading to its proteasomal degradation.
PAK-2p34 is myristoylated.
Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. STE Ser/Thr protein kinase family. STE20 subfamily.
Contains 1 CRIB domain.
Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
Entrez Gene: 5062 Human
Entrez Gene: 224105 Mouse
Entrez Gene: 29432 Rat
GenBank: NP_002568.2 Human
Omim: 605022 Human
SwissProt: Q13177 Human
SwissProt: Q8CIN4 Mouse
SwissProt: Q64303 Rat
Unigene: 518530 Human
Unigene: 234204 Mouse
Unigene: 3840 Rat
This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications
P21活化激酶（PAK）是Rho GTPASs与细胞骨架重组和核信号转导的关键作用因子。PAK蛋白是一类丝氨酸/苏氨酸激酶家族，它们是小GTP结合蛋白、CDC42和RAC1的靶标，并参与广泛的生物活性。在Caspase介导的凋亡过程中，该基因编码的蛋白被蛋白水解裂解激活，PAK2也与HIV1 NEF相互作用并被激活。