|别 名||Doublecortex; DBCN; Dbct; DC; Doublin; Lis X; Lissencephalin X; Lissencephaly X linked; Lissencephaly X linked doublecortin; LISX; Neuronal migration protein doublecortin; SCLH; XLIS.|
|规格价格||100ul/1380元 购买 200ul/2200元 购买 大包装/询价|
|说 明 书||100ul 200ul|
|研究领域||细胞生物 神经生物学 细胞粘附分子|
|交叉反应||Human, Mouse, Rat,|
|产品应用||WB=1:500-2000 ELISA=1:500-1000 IHC-P=1:400-800 IHC-F=1:400-800 ICC=1:100-500 IF=1:100-500 （石蜡切片需做抗原修复）
not yet tested in other applications.
optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|分 子 量||49kDa|
|性 状||Lyophilized or Liquid|
|免 疫 原||KLH conjugated synthetic peptide derived from human DCX:311-400/441|
|纯化方法||affinity purified by Protein A|
|储 存 液||0.01M TBS(pH7.4) with 1% BSA, 0.03% Proclin300 and 50% Glycerol.|
|保存条件||Store at -20 °C for one year. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. The lyophilized antibody is stable at room temperature for at least one month and for greater than a year when kept at -20°C. When reconstituted in sterile pH 7.4 0.01M PBS or diluent of antibody the antibody is stable for at least two weeks at 2-4 °C.|
Doublecortin (DCX) is a microtubule-associated protein expressed almost exclusively in immature neurons. Neuronal precursors begin to express DCX shortly after exiting the cell cycle, and continue to express DCX for 2-3 weeks as the cells mature into neurons. Downregulation of DCX begins after 2 weeks, and occurs at the same time that these cells begin to express, a marker for mature neurons. Due to the nearly exclusive expression of DCX in developing neurons, this protein has been used increasingly as a marker for neurogenesis. Indeed, the levels of DCX expression increase in response to exercise, which occurs in parallel with increased BrdU labelling, currently a "gold standard" in measuring neurogenesis.
Microtubule-associated protein required for initial steps of neuronal dispersion and cortex lamination during cerebral cortex development. May act by competing with the putative neuronal protein kinase DCAMKL1 in binding to a target protein. May in that way participate in a signaling pathway that is crucial for neuronal interaction before and during migration, possibly as part of a calcium ion-dependent signal transduction pathway. May be part with LIS-1 of a overlapping, but distinct, signaling pathways that promote neuronal migration.
Interacts with tubulin.
Cytoplasm. Cell projection. Note=Localizes at neurite tips.
Highly expressed in neuronal cells of fetal brain (in the majority of cells of the cortical plate, intermediate zone and ventricular zone), but not expressed in other fetal tissues. In the adult, highly expressed in the brain frontal lobe, but very low expression in other regions of brain, and not detected in heart, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscles, kidney and pancreas.
Phosphorylation by MARK1, MARK2 and PKA regulates its ability to bind mirotubules.
Defects in DCX are the cause of lissencephaly X-linked type 1 (LISX1) [MIM:300067]; also called X-LIS or LIS. LISX1 is a classic lissencephaly characterized by mental retardation and seizures that are more severe in male patients. Affected boys show an abnormally thick cortex with absent or severely reduced gyri. Clinical manifestations include feeding problems, abnormal muscular tone, seizures and severe to profound psychomotor retardation. Female patients display a less severe phenotype referred to as 'doublecortex'.
Defects in DCX are the cause of subcortical band heterotopia X-linked (SBHX) [MIM:300067]; also known as double cortex or subcortical laminar heterotopia (SCLH). SBHX is a mild brain malformation of the lissencephaly spectrum. It is characterized by bilateral and symmetric plates or bands of gray matter found in the central white matter between the cortex and cerebral ventricles, cerebral convolutions usually appearing normal.
Note=A chromosomal aberration involving DCX is found in lissencephaly. Translocation t(X;2)(q22.3;p25.1).
Contains 2 doublecortin domains.
Entrez Gene: 1641 Human
Entrez Gene: 13193 Mouse
Entrez Gene: 84394 Rat
Omim: 300121 Human
SwissProt: O43602 Human
SwissProt: O88809 Mouse
SwissProt: Q9ESI7 Rat
Unigene: 34780 Human
Unigene: 12871 Mouse
Unigene: 121471 Rat
This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications.