Neratinib (HKI-272)不可逆的 tyrosine kinase 抑制剂

  • 来源:MedChemExpress LLC
  • 时间: 2019/12/31
  • 浏览人数: 319

    产品介绍;

    Neratinib 是一种可口服的,不可逆的 tyrosine kinase 抑制剂,能够抑制 HER2 和 EGFR 的活性,IC50 值分别为 59 nM 和 92 nM。

    靶点作用:

    EGFR

    92 nM (IC50)
       

    HER2

    59 nM (IC50)

    作用原理:

    In Vitro    

    Neratinib has inhibition of tyrosine kinases KDR and Src with IC50 of 0.8 μM and 1.4 μM, respectively, being 14- and 24-fold less active compared with HER2. Neratinib displays no activity against other serine-threonine kinases such as Akt, cyclin D1/cdk4, cyclin E/cdk2, cyclin B1/cdk1, IKK-2, MK-2, PDK1, c-Raf, and Tpl-2, as well as the tyrosine kinase c-Met. Neratinib selectively inhibits the proliferation of 3T3 cells transfected with the HER2 (3T3/neu), as well as two other HER-2-overexpressing SK-Br-3 and BT474 cells with IC50 values of 2-3 nM, displaying > 230-fold potency compared with non-transfected 3T3 cells as well as MDA-MB-435 and SW620 which are EGFR- and HER2-negative. Neratinib also inhibits the proliferation of EGFR-dependent A431 cells with an IC50 of 81 nM. Neratinib reduces HER2 receptor autophosphorylation in BT474 cells with an IC50 of 5 nM, and EGF-dependent phosphorylation of EGFR in A431 cells with IC50 of 3 nM. Blocking of HER-2 by Neratinib results in inhibition of downstream MAPK and Akt pathways with IC50 of 2 nM. Neratinib inhibits the cyclin D1 expression and the phosphorylation of the Rb-susceptibility gene production in BT474 cells with IC50 of 9 nM, leading to G1-S arrest and ultimately decreased cell proliferation[1].
    In Vivo    

    Orally treated neratinib significantly inhibits the growth of 3T3/neu xenografts, with inhibition of 34%, 53%, 98%, and 98% at dose of 10, 20, 40, and 80 mg/kg/day, respectively. Consistent with the inhibition of HER-2 phosphorylation by 84% within 1 hour of administration at 40 mg/kg/day, Neratinib inhibits the growth of BT474 xenografts by 70-82%, 67%, and 93% at dose of 5, 10, and 40 mg/kg/day, respectively. Neratinib is also effective against SK-OV-3 xenografts with inhibition of 31% and 85% at 5 and 60 mg/kg/day, respectively. Neratinib is less potent against EGFR-dependent A431 xenografts than HER-2-dependent tumors, with 32% and 44% inhibition at 5 and 20 mg/kg/day, respectively. Neratinib displays little activity against MCF-7 and MX-1 xenografts expressing low levels of HER-2 and EGFR, with only 28% inhibition at 80 mg/kg/day, suggesting that Neratinib has selective activity for cells expressing HER-2 or EGFR[1].


    参考文献:

    [1]. Rabindran SK, et al. Antitumor activity of HKI-272, an orally active, irreversible inhibitor of the HER-2 tyrosine kinase. Cancer Res, 2004, 64(11), 3958-3965.

    [2]. Yoshioka T, et al. Antitumor activity of pan-HER inhibitors in HER2-positive gastric cancer. Cancer Sci. 2018 Apr;109(4):1166-1176.

    HKI-272  Neratinib

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