Activin A is a TGF-β family member that exhibits a wide range of biological activities including regulation of cellular proliferation and differentiation, and promotion of neuronal survival. Elevated levels of Activin A in human colorectal tumors and in postmenopausal women have been implicated in colorectal and breast cancers, respectively. The biological activities of Activin A can be neutralized by inhibins and by the diffusible TGF-β antagonist, follistatin. Human Activin A is a 26.0 kDa disulfide-linked homodimer of two βA chains, each containing 116 amino acid residues.
Greater than 97% by SDS-PAGE gel and HPLC analyses.
Endotoxin Level :
Endotoxin level is less than 0.1 ng per μg (1EU/μg).
Biological Activity :
The ED50 as determined by its ability to inhibit the proliferation of murine MPC-11 cells is ≤ 2.0 ng/ml, corresponding to a specific activity of ≥ 5 x 105 units/mg.