Mouse Anti-beta II Tubulin / Tubulin beta 2 antibody
|英文名称||beta II Tubulin / Tubulin beta 2|
|别 名||Class IIa beta tubulin; dJ40E16.7; M(beta)2; TBB2A_HUMAN; TUBB; TUBB2; Tubb2a; Tubulin beta 2; Tubulin beta 2A; Tubulin beta 2A class IIa; Tubulin beta polypeptide 2; Tubulin beta polypeptide; Tubulin beta-2A chain. β II tubulin; β-II tubulin; β II-tubulin; βII tubulin; βII-tubulin;|
|研究领域||细胞生物 免疫学 神经生物学 细胞骨架|
|克 隆 号||3G9|
|交叉反应||Human, Mouse, Rat,|
|产品应用||WB=1:500-5000 IP=1:50-200 （石蜡切片需做抗原修复）
not yet tested in other applications.
optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|分 子 量||50kDa|
|性 状||Lyophilized or Liquid|
|免 疫 原||KLH conjugated synthetic peptide derived from human beta II Tubulin:|
|纯化方法||affinity purified by Protein G|
|储 存 液||0.01M TBS(pH7.4) with 1% BSA, 0.03% Proclin300 and 50% Glycerol.|
|保存条件||Store at -20 °C for one year. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. The lyophilized antibody is stable at room temperature for at least one month and for greater than a year when kept at -20°C. When reconstituted in sterile pH 7.4 0.01M PBS or diluent of antibody the antibody is stable for at least two weeks at 2-4 °C.|
Microtubules, key participants in processes such as mitosis and intracellular transport, are composed of heterodimers of alpha- and beta-tubulins. The protein encoded by this gene is a beta-tubulin. Defects in this gene are associated with complex cortical dysplasia with other brain malformations-5. Two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2015]
Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain (By similarity).
Interacts with ZNRF1 (By similarity). Part of a complex composed at least of ASCL2, EMSY, HCFC1, HSPA8, CCAR2, MATR3, MKI67, RBBP5, TUBB2A, WDR5 and ZNF335; this complex may have a histone H3-specific methyltransferase activity (By similarity). Dimer of alpha and beta chains. A typical microtubule is a hollow water-filled tube with an outer diameter of 25 nm and an inner diameter of 15 nM. Alpha-beta heterodimers associate head-to-tail to form protofilaments running lengthwise along the microtubule wall with the beta-tubulin subunit facing the microtubule plus end conferring a structural polarity. Microtubules usually have 13 protofilaments but different protofilament numbers can be found in some organisms and specialized cells.
High expression in brain, where it represents 30% of all beta-tubulins.
Some glutamate residues at the C-terminus are polyglutamylated, resulting in polyglutamate chains on the gamma-carboxyl group (PubMed:26875866). Polyglutamylation plays a key role in microtubule severing by spastin (SPAST). SPAST preferentially recognizes and acts on microtubules decorated with short polyglutamate tails: severing activity by SPAST increases as the number of glutamates per tubulin rises from one to eight, but decreases beyond this glutamylation threshold (PubMed:26875866).
Some glutamate residues at the C-terminus are monoglycylated but not polyglycylated due to the absence of functional TTLL10 in human. Monoglycylation is mainly limited to tubulin incorporated into axonemes (cilia and flagella). Both polyglutamylation and monoglycylation can coexist on the same protein on adjacent residues, and lowering glycylation levels increases polyglutamylation, and reciprocally. The precise function of monoglycylation is still unclear (Probable).
Phosphorylated on Ser-172 by CDK1 during the cell cycle, from metaphase to telophase, but not in interphase. This phosphorylation inhibits tubulin incorporation into microtubules.
Belongs to the tubulin family.
Entrez Gene: 7280 Human
Entrez Gene: 22151 Mouse
Entrez Gene: 498736 Rat
SwissProt: Q13885 Human
SwissProt: Q7TMM9 Mouse
SwissProt: P85108 Rat
Unigene: 654543 Human
Unigene: 422827 Mouse
Unigene: 225893 Rat
This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications.